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Lesson Plan - Evidence of the Romans in England
Target Age Group: Key Stage 2 - Years 4/5

National Curriculum

Historical enquiry 4) Pupils should be taught:
a) how to find out about the events, people and changes studied from a range of sources of information, including ICT based sources [for example, documents, printed sources, CDROMS, databases, pictures, photographs, historic buildings, visits to museums, galleries and sites]
Romans in Britain 9) A study of how British society was affected by Roman settlement

National Curriculum Cross Curricular links

ICT - Finding things out 1) a) to talk about what information they need and how they can find and use it, [for example, searching the internet or a CDROM, using printed material]
Geography - 2) In developing geographical skills - c)to use atlases and globes, and maps and plans at a range of scales


  • A large map of England
  • Internet - English Heritage Images of England website
  • Blank template for recording observations
* Roman * settlement * historic * buildings
* architecture * walls * tomb * statues
Learning Objective
To use ICT based sources to find evidence of the Romans in England.
Prior Learning
It is helpful if the children have learnt something about the Roman way of life, asked and answered questions and made inferences from artefacts and considered the different ways in which the past is represented (eg pictures, buildings, stories and eye-witness accounts). They make also require some experience of the English Heritage Images of England website in order to gain familiarity with the search facility before completing the lesson.

Whole class introduction

  • Use a large UK map to find Roman place names in England. Look at examples such as Doncaster and Colchester and focus on their endings- '-caster' and '-chester'.
  • Ask children to locate more examples of towns and cities with these Roman endings. Make a list.
  • Discuss the significance of their location (on the coast) and their names (eg. 'castra' was a Roman fort).
  • Ask children how we could find evidence of the Romans in these towns and cities.
  • List their suggestions and introduce them to the English Heritage Images of England website- explaining that the site contains photographs of listed buildings and structures in England taken between 1999 and 2004.


  • Show children how to use the main Images of England website and the quick search facility to look for pictures of Roman buildings or remains in England
  • In pairs, children use the site to find evidence of the Romans by locating pictures of buildings or remains in the areas identified on the map
  • Children read any information given and make notes using the attached template. Click here to see a completed example
  • Less able children could be given an image and list description with features underlined and asked to identify and label them.


  • Pairs of children feed their findings back to the rest of the class.
  • Discuss what evidence these images provide us with about the Romans in England. How reliable/useful is this evidence? What are the advantages/disadvantages of photographic evidence?
  • Look at the pictures in detail. What features/structures do they have in common? What were the buildings used for by the Romans? How have they changed? What are they used for now?
Can children use a range of sources of information to find evidence of the effects the Romans had on England?

Future Learning

  • Visit a Roman site to look at and study the remains of Roman buildings.
  • Identify local Roman sites from maps and aerial photographs

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