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Saxon 410 - 1066

The listed structures illustrated here can be used to identify typical features of Saxon construction and decoration

Use this glossary from the 'Looking at Buildings' website to check the meanings of unfamiliar words.

During the Saxon period domestic buildings were constructed in wood and have not survived. Higher status buildings such as castles or churches were also initially built of wood and later rebuilt in stone. The remains of stone crosses survive from this time, often in churchyards. In most cases the churches themselves show only a small amount of evidence of their Saxon origins due to the alterations, additions and restorations of later centuries.

For a graphic illustration of the evolution of the parish church visit the 'Looking at Buildings' website.

IoE number 385740 Mr Brian Wilcockson ARPS

The Saxon Church, Escomb, Bishop's Auckland, Durham, seventh century

A church in two parts, nave with smaller chancel, that has survived with very little alteration.

Features include; tall, narrow building; built of local sandstone with some stones from abandoned Roman buildings re-used; contrasting quoin stones on corners in alternate long and short pattern; small round headed windows.


IoE number 056244 © J M Pickering

Market Square, Sandbach, Cheshire, probably early/mid ninth century

Pair of Anglo-Saxon crosses.

Features include; original site unknown; one shaft is intact the other truncated; both heads have been mutilated or replaced; both crosses are decorated on all faces.

IOE number 117767 © Mr A. Gude

Church of St. Andrew, Ongar, Essex, mid ninth century

A unique structure, the vertical split oak, log walls of the nave are said to have been dated to 845 AD. The wooden tower may be later.

IOE number 360072 © Mr Roger Ashley

All Saints Church, Brixworth Northamptonshire, seventh century with alterations in the 10th, 13th and 19th centuries

The original church was built partly from re-used Roman brick that can be seen around the door and in the base of the tower.

Features include; small round headed window and doorway in tower; brick in herringbone pattern

Please note Teachers are advised that not all listed buildings are open to the public and that if you or your students wish to focus on a private building issues of privacy and access must be considered.
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